عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Intertextuality is a new trend in literary criticism which considers the relationships and interactions between the texts. According to this theory, no text is unique, independent of other relating texts, and literary texts interact and interrelate with each other. As such texts and their authors influence each other and un/consciously benefit from their literary and intellectual sources. This notion has certain functions and reflections in the literature of nations, since literature is the arena of such interrelations, and the literary masterpieces of every nation is subject to influence and mimicry by poets and authors of ages.
Religious texts are of sources from which Muslim literary writers have always benefited. The Glorious Qur’an is the most significant and conspicuous source which its literary and rhetorical aspects together with its ethical concepts and teachings caused it to have a especially high positions among Muslim men of letters. These have been always dealing with the Qur’an and its influential concepts, and have reflected in/directly the Qur’anic concepts and meanings in their works. Of these, is the prominent and responsible Shiite poet, De'bel -e-Khazaie, who devoted his life and poetic career to defending the House holders of the Prophet (S), development of Shiite’s precepts, and developing the Qur’an and Hadith via his poetry.
Intertextual relations of the Qur’an and De'bel ’s poetry are very fine-looking and harmonic. This renowned Shiite poet has been deeply influenced by and benefited from the Qur’an and the Prophet’s Hadiths; the depth of such literal and semantic influences is quite apparent in his poems. In fact, he decorated his poetic language with that of the Qur’an and Hadith. The intertextual form of of De'bel ’s poetry is direct or explicit, and is based on minor negation (ejterar) and sometimes parallel negation (emtesas)
This study examines De'bel Khazaie’s poetry from the perspective of intertextuality. After evaluating his poems based on the principles of this theory, it goes on to determine the influences of the Qur’an and Hadith on his poems.