عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Manifestation argument is one of the important aspects of Islamic mysticism, that through it will be discussed how the creation is.According to this theory, the existence is one, and that is existence of God, and all of worlds, in fact are manifestations.In Islam and Quran, the trueunderstanding from Sura of Tawheedis expressed as a way to understand the true monotheism too.
Hence, in this study, we had scrutinedthe mystical interpretation ofIbn-e-Arabi and some of his commentators, and their reflection in poems and ideas of poets thattypical had accessibledfrom his school or are settle from his works commentators.
Ibn-e-Arabi, in interpreteof primeverse of Sura of Tawheed, had interpreted "Hoo" to essence of the divine that is the first rank of divine manifestations. Then, he had known "Allah", sing of divine names and attributes manifestations.The same topic by usingIbn-e-Arabi's proper term, had reflected inPersian mystical literature.
We can found the evidences of this in poemsof Shabestary, Shah NematUllahWali, Abdul Rahman Jami, BideleDehlavi and many other mystic poets of Persian literature. His otherinterpretations from verses ofSura of Tawheed are the same of his interpretations of first verse.
The results of this study are show that we can found Ibn-e-Arabi' smystical interpretations, in poems of manymysticalPersian poets, for example: Fakhruddin Iraqi, Ohad al din Maraghehi, Sheikh Mahmoud Shabestary, Shah Nemat Ullah Wali, Abdul Rahman Jami, Bidel- eDehlaviand Saeb-eTabrizi. The reason for this is high frequency of use of specific terms of Ibn- e-Arabi in their poems, and this is show that these poets were influenced by his ideas.