عنوان مقاله [English]
In surahs of the Holy Qur’an, there is an interplay between meaning and the means of expression. One example of this can be seen in Surah Ash-Shams. This short surah with a beautiful rhyme and music, and with numerous oaths to the most beautiful elements of nature and to the human soul, and the oath to the creator of these phenomena and by using rhetorical and literary interpretations has tried to reflect the beauty of self-purification. The present article aims to articulate the relationship between rhetoric and self-purification, which is the theme of this surah. Among the findings of this research are the existence of verb-initial sentences and the predominance of the transitive verbs in this surah and the (in)definiteness of some elements of the oath and the succession of oaths in order to convey the meaning of self-purification. The long syllables at the beginning of the ayahs and the repetition of the vowel (ا) and the type of rhyme and inner music of this surah have made the role of rhetoric and literality in conveying this theme more colorful. These findings indicate that the sub-branches of rhetoric are in line with the theme of the surah. Considering the question of the role of rhetoric in conveying the meaning of self-purification in this surah, the present descriptive and analytical study intended to prove this reality by relying on the text of this surah and by extracting examples and evidences depict the interaction of rhetoric and music in the transmission of meaning.